Installing OpenVMS V8.4-2 on alphavm Pt. 1

Finally I figured out how to tackle this beast. It took me some time (Limited VMS background) to get through, but this was really exciting exercise. And I must really admit – OpenVMS is one really well engineered operating system.  The start is a little clumsy if you come from the UNIX/Linux background, but gradually it begins to make more and more sense over time.

So what we need are the following pre-requisites

So first we will download the OpenVMS 8.3 iso (530 MB)

https://thepiratebay.org/torrent/4584595/OpenVMS_8.3_Alpha.iso

and setup the alphavm_free cofiguration file as follows:

system {
 
 type = ds10_616;
 reported_type = default;
 num_cpus = 1;
 ssn = 'EmuVM-00-000-001';
 interval_clock_freq = 1000;
 
memory {
 size = 1024;
}
 
cpu {
 server = basic;
 
jit {
 async = yes;
}
}
 
 
serial com1 {
 server = socket; 
 port = 3000; 
} 
serial com2 { 
 server = socket; 
 port = 3001; 
}
 
scsi_controller qla0 {
 scsi_id = 7;
}
scsi_controller qla1 {
 scsi_id = 7;
}
 
 
scsi_disk dka0 {
 scsi_bus = 0;
 scsi_id = 0;
 scsi_lun = 0;
 file = 'disk.dd';
 caching = no;
 write_through = yes;
}

scsi_disk dka1 {
 scsi_bus = 0;
 scsi_id = 2;
 scsi_lun = 0;
 file = 'disk2.dd';
 caching = no;
 write_through = yes;
}

scsi_cdrom iso {
 scsi_id = 4;
 file = 'OpenVMS_8.3_Alpha.iso';
}
 
 
ether eth0 {
 type = dec21040;
 server = dummy;
 mac_address = 0x08002B000001;
}
 
ether eth1 {
 type = dec21040; 
 server = tap;
 interface = 'tap0'; 
 mac_address = 0x08002B000002;
}
 
}

Setup 2 disks like so :

DKA0

$ dd if=/dev/zero of=disk.dd bs=1024 count=6M

DKA200

$ dd if=/dev/zero of=disk2.dd bs=1024 count=3M

Save the following networking script to use network and execute it prior running alphavm_free

#Setup tap and bridge 
tunctl -t tap0 -u user
ifconfig tap0 up
brctl addbr br0
brctl addif br0 eth0
brctl setfd br0 0
ifconfig eth0 10.0.2.1 up 
ifconfig br0 10.0.2.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 broadcast 10.0.2.255 up
brctl addif br0 tap0
ifconfig tap0 0.0.0.0
sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
iptables -A FORWARD --in-interface eth0 -j ACCEPT
iptables --table nat -A POSTROUTING --out-interface wlan0 -j MASQUERADE

Startup the alphavm_free and boot the OpenVMS_8.3_Alpha.iso on DKA400 with root privs

# ./alphavm_free config.emu

Connect to the VM like so

socat -,raw,echo=0,escape=0x1c tcp:127.0.0.1:3000

Boot the OpenVMS 8.3 cdrom and install it (its straight forward… )

>>> boot dka400

Do your stuff and configure OpenVMS 8.3  (Don’t install DECNET..we won’t need it) It is not difficult :)

Remember to install to DKA0  and afterwards boot from DKA0

Next comes the harder part – upgrading to OpenVMS 8.4 (No ISO on Piratebay)

  • Download the following 3 files and save them in UPGRADE.ISO dir
http://vmssoftware.com/alpha/downloads/eval-paks-vsi-alpha_com.txt
http://vmssoftware.com/alpha/downloads/ALPHAX842.ZIPEXE
http://vmssoftware.com/alpha/downloads/VSI-AXPVMS-TCPIP-V0507-13ECO5.ZIPEXE

Use mkisofs on Linux  host to create an ISO we will use on the OpenVMS later :

$ mkdir -p UPGRADE.ISO
$ mv VSI-AXPVMS-TCPIP-V0507-13ECO5.ZIPEXE VSI_AXPVMS.ZIPEXE 
$ mv ALPHAX842.ZIPEXE VSI_AXPVMS.ZIPEXE UPGRADE.ISO 
$ mkisofs -o upgrade.iso UPGRADE.ISO/

Attach this ISO to the config.emu like so :

scsi_cdrom iso {
 scsi_id = 4;
 file = 'upgrade.iso';
}

Boot the OpenVMS

>>> boot dka0

Once logged in as SYSTEM do the following :

$ mount /over=id DKA400                (mount the CD-ROM @ DKA400) 
$ run DKA400:[000000]ALPHAX84.ZIP      (extract ALPHAX84.ZIP) 
$ @SYS$STARTUP:LD$STARTUP.COM          (configure LD to enable loopback mount)
$ LD CONNECT ALPHAX842.IMG             (register ALPHAX842.IMG as mountable)
$ mount /over=id LDA1                  (mount LDA1 as loopback device)    

$ MOUNT/FOREIGN DKA200:                (mount the empty DKA200 disk)
$ BACKUP/IMAGE/VERIFY LDA1: DKA200     (restore LDA1 to DKA200) 

$ reboot 


>>> boot dka200                        (boot the setup of OpenVMS 8.4.2)  
loaded boot image pa=200000 size=0x99c00


 OpenVMS (TM) Alpha Operating System, Version V8.4-2 
 Copyright 2016 VMS Software, Inc.


 You can also execute DCL commands and procedures to perform
 "standalone" tasks, such as backing up the system disk.

 Please choose one of the following:

 1) Upgrade, install or reconfigure OpenVMS ALPHA Version V8.4-2
 2) Display layered products that this procedure can install
 3) Install or upgrade layered products
 4) Show installed products
 5) Reconfigure installed products
 6) Remove installed products
 7) Find, Install or Undo patches; Show or Delete Recovery Data
 8) Execute DCL commands and procedures
 9) Shut down this system

Enter CHOICE or ? for help: (1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/?) 1
 ***********************************************************

Do you want to INITIALIZE or to PRESERVE? [PRESERVE] 
Enter device name for target disk: (? for choices) dka0
Do you want to keep this label? (Yes/No) [Yes]
Do you want to INITIALIZE or to PRESERVE? [PRESERVE] 
Enter device name for target disk: (? for choices) dka0
Do you want to keep this label? (Yes/No) [Yes]
OpenVMS ALPHA will be upgraded on DKA0:
Will this system be a member of an OpenVMS Cluster? (Yes/No) No
Will this system be an instance in an OpenVMS Galaxy? (Yes/No) No
Do you always want detailed descriptions? (Yes/No) [No]
Do you want the defaults for all options? [YES]
Do you want to continue? [YES]
Do you want to review the options? [NO]

Portion done: 0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...50%...60%...70%...80%...90%...100%

 9) Shut down this system
Enter CHOICE or ? for help: (1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/?) 9

after two reboots

 Welcome to OpenVMS (TM) Alpha Operating System, Version V8.4-2 

Username: system
Password: 
%LICENSE-I-NOLICENSE, no license is active for this software product
%LOGIN-S-LOGOPRCON, login allowed from OPA0:
 Welcome to OpenVMS (TM) Alpha Operating System, Version V8.4-2
 Last interactive login on Thursday, 30-MAR-2017 21:23:57.59

Remove the ALPHAX842.IMG file

$ DELETE ALPHAX842.IMG;1
$ mount /over=id DKA400                         (mount the CD-ROM) 
$ dir DKA400:[000000]

Directory DKA400:[000000]

ALPHAX84.ZIP;1 HOWTO.DIR;1 LICENSE.PAK;1 VSI_AXPV.ZIP;1

– PAK file – 2.1 KB
This file contains temporary License PAKs for the VSI OpenVMS Alpha 8.4-2 operating system and all layered products involved in this field test. These temporary License PAKs expire on 30-September-2017.

– VSI AXPVMS TCPIP V5.7-13ECO5 – 48.6 MB
This is the Alpha version of VSI’s TCP/IP V5.7 kit. Use PCSI to install this kit on your Alpha system

Extract the VSI AXPVMS TCPIP

$ run DKA400:[000000]VSI_AXPV.ZIP                (install the VSI)

– Check the licenses

$ SHOW LICENSE/USAGE

View of loaded licenses from node ALPHA1 30-MAR-2017 22:33:24.27
%SHOW-I-NOLICENSE, no licenses exist

– Load license for OPENVMS-ALPHA

$ @SYS$UPDATE:VMSLICENSE

Register OpenVMS-Alpha like so  (Valid till 30-Sept-2017)

                     Issuer:  VSI
              Authorization:  EVAL-VSI-ALPHA-02
               Product Name:  OPENVMS-ALPHA
                   Producer:  VSI
                      Units:  0
               Release Date:  
                    Version:  
           Termination Date:  30-SEP-2017
               Availability:  
                   Activity:  CONSTANT=100
                    Options:  
                      Token:  
                Hardware ID:  
                   Checksum:  2-ADLM-GFDE-KPMA-KNHH

Register UCX (TCP/IP) like so   (Valid till 30-Sept-2017)

                      Issuer:  VSI
              Authorization:  EVAL-VSI-ALPHA-02
               Product Name:  UCX
                   Producer:  VSI
                      Units:  0
               Release Date:  
                    Version:  
           Termination Date:  30-SEP-2017
               Availability:  
                   Activity:  CONSTANT=100
                    Options:  
                      Token:  
                Hardware ID:  
                   Checksum:  2-NFBG-GCJM-PNPE-GPBP

Verify the licenses

$ SHOW LICENSE/USAGE

View of loaded licenses from node ALPHA1                30-MAR-2017 23:05:44.33

------- Product ID --------   ---- Unit usage information ----
Product            Producer       Loaded  Allocated  Available
OPENVMS-ALPHA      VSI        Unlimited license, no usage information
UCX                VSI        Unlimited license, no usage information

 

In next episode I will configure TCP/IP and start some exploitation tests.

Here is a short vid

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